Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English – Structure, Steps & Examples

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Introduction about Present perfect continuous:

Way to go champs!! Finally you gone through previous three tenses of Present. While now it’s time to study about Present Perfect continuous tense. It basically describe as that an action that is actually started in part but is still going on in present time and may be continue to future as well.

While in this tense two helping verbs are used which are has been and have been. While has and have from from Present Perfect tense.

A lil recap that i hope you have gone through the previous lesson which are included Verbs, about basic understanding of tense.

Also we add “ing” with the first form of the verb in sentences for example Raha hoga , While in urdu and Roman urdu we say that say raha hai , say rahi hai, say rahy hein.

Here are the few examples to understand better:

English: I have been studying for three hours.
Urdu: میں تین گھنٹے سے پڑھ رہا ہوں۔
Roman Urdu: Mein teen ghante se parh raha hoon.

English: She has been working on this project since morning.
Urdu: وہ صبح سے اس منصوبے پر کام کر رہی ہے۔
Roman Urdu: Woh subah se is mansoobe par kaam kar rahi hai.

English: They have been playing cricket for two hours.
Urdu: وہ دو گھنٹے سے کرکٹ کھیل رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Woh do ghante se cricket khel rahe hain.

English: How long you have been waiting for the bus?
Urdu: تم بس کا انتظار کتنی دیر سے کر رہے ہو؟
Roman Urdu: Tum bas ka intezar kitni deer se kar rahe ho?

English: He has been practicing his guitar skills lately.
Urdu: وہ حال ہی میں اپنی گٹار کے مہارتوں پر مشق کر رہا ہے۔
Roman Urdu: Woh haal hi mein apni guitar ke maharat par mashq kar raha hai.

Also to indicate the duration of time we use Since and For. Since is used to specify the starting point of the time while for is used to specify the duration of time.

Rule # 1:

We use Has Been with singular sentences which starts with He, She, it and Name and ing form of the verb according to the state of sentence Which is either matches with since or for.

Here is the examples:

English: We have been studying since last week.
Urdu: ہم پچھلے ہفتے سے پڑھ رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Hum pichle hafte se parh rahe hain.

English: They have been working on this project for three months.
Urdu: وہ تین مہینوں سے اس منصوبے پر کام کر رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Woh teen mahinon se is mansoobe par kaam kar rahe hain.

English: She has been attending dance classes since childhood.
Urdu: وہ بچپن سے ڈانس کلاسز میں شرکت کر رہی ہے۔
Roman Urdu: Woh bachpan se dance classes mein shirkat kar rahi hai.

English: The students have been practicing English speaking for several weeks.
Urdu: طلباء کئی ہفتوں سے انگریزی بولنے کی مشق کر رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Talaba kayi hafton se English bolne ki mashq kar rahe hain.

English: We have been waiting for our friends for over an hour.
Urdu: ہم ایک گھنٹے سے اپنے دوستوں کا انتظار کر رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Hum ek ghante se apne doston ka intezar kar rahe hain.

Rule # 2:

We use Have Been with plural sentences which starts with I, We, you and They and ing form of the verb according to the state of sentence Which is either matches with since or for.

Here are the few examples:

English: They have been playing football since morning.
Urdu: وہ صبح سے فٹ بال کھیل رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Woh subah se football khel rahe hain.

English: The students have been studying for their exams all week.
Urdu: طلباء اپنی امتحانات کی تیاری میں پورے ہفتے سے پڑھ رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Talaba apni imtihanat ki tayyari mein poore hafte se parh rahe hain.

English: We have been cooking meals for our family since yesterday.
Urdu: ہم کل سے اپنے خاندان کے لئے کھانے پکا رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Hum kal se apne khandaan ke liye khana paka rahe hain.

English: They have been building houses in this area for years.
Urdu: وہ اس علاقے میں سالوں سے گھروں کا تعمیر کر رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Woh is ilaqay mein salon se gharon ka tameer kar rahe hain.

English: The doctors have been treating patients since morning.
Urdu: ڈاکٹرز صبح سے مریضوں کا علاج کر رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Doctors subah se mareezon ka ilaj kar rahe hain.

Rule # 3 For Negative Sentences:

In this case we use NOT just after the helping verb Have in the sentence.

Here are the examples:

English: She has not been practicing her guitar regularly lately.
Urdu: اس نے حال ہی میں باقاعدگی سے اپنی گٹار کی مشق نہیں کی ہے۔
Roman Urdu: Usne haal hi mein ba-qaidagi se apni guitar ki mashq nahi ki hai.

English: We have not been taking care of our garden as we should.
Urdu: ہم نے اپنے باغ کی دیکھ بھال وہ طرح نہیں کی جیسے کرنی چاہئے۔
Roman Urdu: Hum ne apne bagh ki dekh bhaal woh tarah nahi ki jaise karni chahiye.

English: They have not been saving money for their vacation.
Urdu: وہ اپنی چھٹی کے لئے پیسے بچا رہے نہیں ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Woh apni chhuti ke liye paisay bacha rahe nahi hain.

English: He has not been paying attention to his health lately.
Urdu: اس نے حال ہی میں اپنی صحت پر دھیان نہیں دیا۔
Roman Urdu: Usne haal hi mein apni sehat par dhyan nahi diya.

English: The employees have not been completing their tasks on time.
Urdu: ملازمین اپنے کاموں کو وقت پر مکمل نہیں کر رہے ہیں۔
Roman Urdu: Mulazimeen apne kaamon ko waqt par mukammal nahi kar rahe hain.

Rule # 4 For interrogative Sentences:

In this scenario we use Helping verb (has or Have) at the start of the sentence. Below are the few examples to make you understand better.

English: Have they been studying for the exam?
Urdu: کیا وہ امتحان کی تیاری کر رہے ہیں؟
Roman Urdu: Kya woh imtehan ki tayyari kar rahe hain?

English: Has she been practicing her piano lessons?
Urdu: کیا اس نے اپنی پیانو کی سبقت کی مشق کی ہے؟
Roman Urdu: Kya usne apni piano ki sabaqat ki mashq ki hai?

English: Have you been waiting for me long?
Urdu: کیا تم میرا انتظار بہت دیر سے کر رہے ہو؟
Roman Urdu: Kya tum mera intezar bohot deer se kar rahe ho?

English: Have the children been playing outside?
Urdu: کیا بچے باہر کھیل رہے ہیں؟
Roman Urdu: Kya bachay bahar khel rahe hain?

English: Have we been cooking dinner for too long?
Urdu: کیا ہم رات کا کھانا بہت دیر سے بنا رہے ہیں؟
Roman Urdu: Kya hum raat ka khana bohot deer se bana rahe hain?