Present Indefinite-Simple Tense in English – Structure, Rules & Examples


Present Tense 

Present Indefinite Tense:

After studying the previous lessons of verbs and introduction about Tenses Present indefinite tense which is often also known as Simple Present tense. This tense is Basically used to describe the action In present time. 

In Urdu if we discuss it as those sentences who have these phrases at the end of the sentences are known as simple or present tense – ta hai , ti hai , tay hein etc etc.

But Before moving forward please go through my previous lessons of Verbs and their common forms that we use in daily life. 

| English Sentence                             | Urdu Translation                    |


| He plays cricket every evening.                           | وہ ہر شام کرکٹ کھیلتا ہے۔         |

| She reads books before going to bed. |  وہ رات کو سونے سے پہلے کتابیں پڑھتی ہے۔ |

| They eat dinner at 7 PM every day.        | وہ ہر دن سات بجے رات کو کھانا کھاتے ہیں۔ |

| The birds chirp in the morning.                     | پرندے صبح میں چہکتے ہیں۔              |

| The sun sets in the west.                      | سورج مغرب کی طرف غروب ہوتا ہے۔         |

We will Study all these in 4 different steps of Rules

Here is the: 

Step or Rule # 1 (Singular) : 

In simple tense we use the first form of the verb but with the help of ‘s’ or “es” with singular sentences (He, She , It, name). 

Also we will use a helping verb as well (DOES) with singular sentences where it’s required. 

Here are the examples: 

  1. She sings beautifully in the choir every Sunday.

Woh har itwaar ko quaidah mein khoobsurat andaz mein gati hai.

2. He plays football with his friends after school.

Uske dostoon ke saath skool ke baad football khelta hai.

3. Mary reads novels before going to bed.

Mary sonay se pehle novel parhti hai.

4. It snows heavily in the mountains during winter.

Barf mausam mein paharon par bohot zyada baraf baarti hai.

5. John visits his parents every weekend.

John har hafte apne maa baap ke paas jaata hai.

Now some example using Helping verb (Does) :

  1. She does her chores every morning before school.

Woh har subah skool se pehle apne kaam karti hai.

  1. He does his exercises at the gym three times a week.

Usne fitness club mein teen baar haftay mein apne warzish ki hai.

  1. Mary does volunteer work at the local hospital on weekends.

Mary haftay ke dinon mein local hospital mein do volunteer ka kaam karti hai.

  1. It does not rain much in this desert region.

Is registani ilaqe mein zyada barish nahi hoti.

  1. John does not speak French fluently, but he is learning.

John zyada maahir nahi hai, lekin wo seekh raha hai.

Step or Rule # 2 (Plural) : 

We use the first form of the verb obviously with (I, WE, You, They). While in terms of Helping verbs we use “Do”  and also we don’t use “s” or “es” in this case. While this category falls in Plural sentences. 

Below are the examples you’ll be able to understand better. 


  1. I play football with my friends every Saturday.

Main har Shaniwar apne dostoon ke saath football khelta hoon.

  1. I do my homework in the evening.

Main sham ko apna homework karta hoon.


  1. We go for a picnic in the park every Sunday.

Hum har Itwaar park mein picnic par jaate hain.

  1. We do our chores together on weekends.

Hum haftay ke dinon mein mil kar apne kaam karte hain.


  1. You study English grammar regularly.

Tum baar-baar English grammar padhte ho.

  1. Do you play any musical instruments?

Kya tum koi musiqi aalat bajate ho?


  1. They visit their grandparents every month.

Woh har maheenay apne dada dadi ke paas jaate hain.

  1. They do volunteer work at the local charity organization.

Woh local charity organization mein volunteer kaam karte hain.

Step or Rule # 3 (Interrogative Sentences):

Now you must be confused and wondering what are interrogative sentences ? . Well if you see any question mark (?) at the end of the sentence that is an interrogative. 

So in this step or rule when we are having interrogative sentences then we have to use the Helping verb (does or Do) at the beginning of the sentence. 

But don’t forget the other two rules 

Like Do = I , We, You and They

Does = He, She, It, Name all will come together. 

Here are the examples : 

Do you play basketball?

Kya tum basketball khelte ho?

کیا تم بسکٹ بال کھیلتے ہو؟

Does he go to the gym every day?

Kya woh rozana gym jata hai?

کیا وہ روزانہ جم جاتا ہے؟

Do they study together in the library?

Kya woh kutub khane mein mil kar parhte hain?

کیا وہ کتب خانے میں مل کر پڑھتے ہیں؟

Do we have a meeting tomorrow?

Kya humein kal koi meeting hai?

کیا ہمیں کل کوئی میٹنگ ہے؟

Does she speak French fluently?

Kya woh French fasaaniyat se bolti hai?

کیا وہ فرانسیسی فصیحیت سے بولتی ہے؟

Do you and your friends go swimming on weekends?

Kya tum aur tumhare dost haftay ke dinon mein swimming jaate hain?

کیا تم اور تمہارے دوست ہفتے کے دنوں میں سوئمنگ جاتے ہیں؟

Does it rain a lot in this city?

Kya is sheher mein zyada barish hoti hai?

کیا اس شہر میں زیادہ بارش ہوتی ہے؟

Do they visit their relatives during the holidays?

Kya woh apne rishtedaaroon ko chhuttiyon mein milte hain?

کیا وہ اپنے رشتہ داروں کو چھٹیوں میں ملتے ہیں؟

Do we need to submit our reports by Friday?

Kya humein apni reports ko Jumeraat tak submit karna hai?

کیا ہمیں اپنی رپورٹس کو جمعرات تک سبمٹ کرنا ہے؟

Does he attend dance classes twice a week?

Kya woh haftay mein do dafa dance ki classes attend karta hai?

کیا وہ ہفتے میں دو دفعہ ڈانس کی کلاسوں میں شرکت کرتا ہے؟